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The State of Women in Academic Medicine

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2018-2019 The State of Women in Academic Medicine: Exploring Pathways to Equity

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The State of Women in Academic Medicine 2018-2019: Exploring Pathways to Equity updates the edition of the report published in 2014.  Key findings from this year's report show that:

  • Women and men have continued to apply, enter, and graduate from medical school in similar proportions since 2003.
  • The overall proportion of full-time women faculty has continued to rise since 2009, now at 41%, with similar increases at each faculty rank; yet, women make up a majority of faculty only at the instructor rank.
  • Among full-time women faculty, the proportion of women from an underrepresented in medicine race or ethnicity (URiM) group was 12% in 2009 and 13% in 2018; the greatest proportions of URiM women faculty were at the assistant professor rank.
  • Among cohorts of both new assistant and associate professors starting in 2008-2009, a larger percentage of men than women advanced after seven years. However, the gap between men’s and women’s advancement narrows when 10-year promotion trends are examined.
  • While there has been a steady rise in the number of women department chairs over the past 10 years, women still make up only 18% of all department chairs.

Learn more in this webinar which discusses the report’s key findings regarding the representation of women at key junctures in their roles as learners, faculty and leaders.

For the full list of findings and the full report, visit the AAMC store to download.

Download FREE FROM THE AAMC STORE 



Report Graphics Gallery:

Executive Summary

Figure 1: U.S. Medical School Applicants, Matriculants, and Graduates by Gender, Academic Year 2018-2019

Figure 2: U.S. Medical School Applicants and Graduates by Gender, Academic Years 1980-1981 Through 2018-2019

Figure 3: U.S. Medical School Graduates by Gender and Race/Ethnicity, Academic Years 2013-2014 and 2018-2019

Figure 4: Residents by Gender, 2018

Figure 5: Percentage of Women Residents by Specialty, 2018

Figure 6: Scientific Trainees: Biological and Medical Sciences Graduate Students Enrolled in Doctorate Programs by Gender, 1994-2017

Figure 7: Scientific Trainees: Biological and Medical Sciences Postdoctorates at Doctorate-Granting Institutions by Gender, 1994-2017

Figure 8: Scientific Trainees: Biological and Medical Sciences Postdoctorates by Gender and Citizenship/Visa Status at Doctorate-Granting Institutions, 2017

Figure 9: Percentage of Full-Time U.S. Medical School Faculty by Gender, 2009-2018

Figure 10: Part-Time Faculty by Gender, 2018

Figure 11: Full-Time Women Faculty as a Percentage of Each Rank, 2009-2018

Figure 12: Full-Time Women Faculty by Race/Ethnicity, 2009-2018

Figure 13: Full-Time Women Faculty by Rank and Race/Ethnicity, 2018

Figure 14: Departments With the Largest Proportion of Full-Time Women Faculty, 2018

Figure 15: Departments With the Smallest Proportion of Full-Time Women Faculty, 2018

Figure 16: Average Full-Time Women Faculty New Hires and Departures, Academic Years 2005-2006 Through 2017-2018

Figure 17: Average Full-Time Women Faculty Promotions by Rank, Academic Years 2005-2006 Through 2017-2018

Figure 18: Seven-Year and 10-Year Promotion Outcomes for Full-Time, First-Time Assistant and Associate Professors in Academic Year 2008-2009

Figure 19: Division and Section Chiefs by Gender, 2018

Figure 20: Center and Institute Directors by Gender, 2018

Figure 21: Percentage of Department Chairs by Gender, 2009-2018

Figure 22: Department Chairs by Gender and Department, 2018

Figure 23: Women Department Chairs by Race/Ethnicity and Department Type, 2018

Figure 24: Administrative Faculty Leaders by Gender, 2018

Figure 25: Administrative Staff Leaders by Gender, 2018

Figure 26: Administrative Faculty Leaders by Gender, Rank, and Office, 2018

Figure 27: Administrative Staff Leaders by Gender, Rank, and Office, 2018

Figure 28: Percentage of Medical School Deans by Gender, 2009-2018

Figure 29: Perceptions of Workplace Equity, 2019

Figure 30: Feeling Respected in the Workplace, 2019

Figure 31: Departments With the Largest Percentages of Women Reporting Disrespect Based on Gender, 2019

Figure 32: Institutional Roles to Support Women Faculty, 2018

Figure 33: Institutional Resources to Support Women Faculty, 2018

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