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Conflicts of Interest and Transparency Initiatives

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Latest News

The AAMC has developed the resource Evaluating Grant Opportunities from Private Foundations  to assist institutions that are considering responding to a call from foundations or corporate sponsors to conduct research or develop educational curricula or content. This resource provides key questions to help institutions make thoughtful decisions.

September 27, 2019 - The Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General (OIG), released three reports related to financial conflicts of interest (FCOI), foreign influence, and the steps the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is taking to protect the integrity of NIH funded research.

July 10, 2019 - NIH issued a guide notice referencing existing regulations and policies related to recent concerns about undue foreign influence in research at U.S. institutions. COI issues are central to the concerns that have been raised about researchers who receive support from foreign institutions or governments for their research activities. NIH expects institutions to review disclosed significant financial interests (SFI) to determine whether those SFIs are conflicts of interest, but NIH independently reviews other sources of support related to specific grant applications to ensure that the agency avoids scientific, budgetary, or commitment overlap. The AAMC is developing a series of issue briefs on undue foreign influence, focusing on government efforts to address the issue and the institutional response.

February 12, 2019 - The Association of American Medical Colleges, American Society of Clinical Oncology, Council of Medical Specialty Societies, JAMA, and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer hosted a symposium at the AAMC's headquarters (655 K Street NW, Washington, DC) on February 12, convening leaders from across the biomedical research community, including representatives from academic institutions, journals, publishers, professional associations and societies, government officials, industry, as well as conflicts of interest experts, ethicists, researchers and patient/public representatives. Symposium attendees participated in facilitated table discussions, outlining the actions needed to standardize the submission of financial interest disclosures by authors to journals, and the need to build greater transparency around journal disclosure requirements to foster a system that is clear and functional. For more information about the symposium or opportunities to stay engaged on this issue, visit Harmonizing Financial Disclosures in Biomedical Journals.

September 20, 2018 - Media coverage of the failure of a physician to disclose relevant industry relationships in his articles in peer reviewed journals reminded the academic medicine community of our shared obligation to facilitate the disclosure of timely, accurate, and complete information about academic medicine’s relationships with industry and preserve the public’s trust in the research enterprise. The AAMC is continuing to work with member institutions, other associations and societies, journals, and the continuing education community to develop tools and resources to help institutions and individuals manage the disclosure of conflicts of interest.

Institutions can consider the following:

  • Remind faculty of the importance of full disclosure, not only to your institution, but in other writing, speaking and teaching situations, as well as grant applications.

  • Use relevant current events as an opportunity to recommit to the institution’s obligation to facilitate transparency about the ways in which faculty and industry may be collaborating, and the processes that are in place to review and manage those relationships.

  • Encourage faculty to review the information posted about them publicly on the Open Payments website, and to ensure its accuracy as well as consistency with complete disclosures in all aspects of their professional responsibilities.
  • Learn more about Convey, the disclosure system developed by the AAMC to streamline and standardize the disclosure of financial interests to institutions, journals, and other organizations, or email convey@aamc.org.


Convey is a global disclosure system built to standardize the reporting of financial interests and relationships with external entities. It provides a web-based repository for individuals, who can enter and securely maintain records of financial interests to disclose directly to any organization that uses the system. For organizations that collect disclosure information, Convey features a streamlined disclosure process tailored to each organization.

Request a demo of Convey.

  • For Full Disclosure in Medicine (New York Times, Sep. 30, 2018): Opinion Letter by Jeffrey Drazen, Editor in Chief of the New England Journal of Medicine, describes NEJM's role in the central repository and encourages “all involved in medical care, research or education to adopt Convey.”

Department of Health and Human Services' Rule on Financial Conflicts of Interest in Federally-Funded Research

On August 23, 2011, the Department of Health and Human Services issued a final rule revising the regulations entitled "Responsibility of Applicants for Promoting Objectivity in Research for which Public Health Service Funding is Sought and Responsible Prospective Contractors."

CMS Open Payments Rules and Database

On February 8, 2013, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued the final rule, "Transparency Reports and Reporting of Physician Ownership or Investment Interests" (78 FR 9458) which implements section 6002 of the Affordable Care Act. CMS' publicly available website contains information about the financial relationships between physicians, teaching hospitals, applicable manufacturers and GPOs. Manufacturers are required to annually report to CMS certain payments or transfers of value made to physicians and teaching hospitals. For more information on the Sunshine Act and Open Payments, visit AAMC's Open Payments webpage.

COI Articles

AAMC Resources

For questions, contact Heather Pierce, JD, MPH, Senior Director, Science Policy and Regulatory Counsel at hpierce@aamc.org or (202) 478-9926 or Daria Grayer, JD, MA, Senior Lead Specialist, Science Policy and Regulations at dgrayer@aamc.org or (202) 741- 5474.

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