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AAMC PREview™ Professional Readiness Exam Research

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The AAMC conducts ongoing research and evaluation on the AAMC PREview™ professional readiness exam, including on its validity, psychometrics, fairness, and reactions from examinees and medical schools. These data are used to provide medical schools with empirical evidence to support the use of PREview scores in the admissions process.

Nearly a decade of research on the PREview exam has been completed, including a longitudinal validity study and evaluation of the 2020-2021 pilot administrations. Overall, results of these research studies have demonstrated that the PREview exam:

  • Is reliable and valid.
  • Predicts medical student performance.
  • Demonstrates small to no group differences.
  • Adds value to the admissions process above and beyond existing application data.

Additional information about the ongoing research and evaluation on the PREview exam included below.

Research Areas

Research on validity examines medical student performance and explores how well applicants’ PREview scores predict their performance in conceptually related areas (e.g., teamwork, cultural competence, ethics, resilience) during their four years of medical school. The results provide evidence of the validity of PREview scores and can inform medical schools on the meaning of PREview scores. Sample research questions include, but are not limited to:

  • What is the correlation between PREview scores and medical student performance in conceptually related areas during pre-clinical and clinical training?
  • Do PREview scores predict medical student performance in conceptually related areas above and beyond current tools, such as MCAT® scores, undergraduate GPA, and interview ratings?

Research on the psychometric properties of the PREview exam explore the reliability, score distributions, and validity of PREview scores. Results are used to support the evidence of the reliability and validity of PREview scores and inform question development and guidance for using PREview scores in medical school admissions. Sample research questions include, but are not limited to:

  • What is the correlation between PREview scores and other admissions data (e.g., MCAT scores, undergraduate GPA, interview ratings)?

Research on diversity, fairness, and preparation explores the relationship between applicants’ demographic characteristics, test preparation, and PREview scores. Results are used to inform and guide the AAMC’s development and dissemination of preparation resources. Sample research questions include, but are not limited to:

  • On average, do applicants from different demographic groups score differently on the PREview exam?
  • How does the amount of time spent preparing for the PREview exam affect PREview scores?

Research on examinee and medical school reactions explores examinees’ and medical schools’ reactions to the PREview exam, as well as medical schools’ use of PREview scores in the admissions process. Results are used to improve and guide PREview policy, preparation resources for examinees, and training materials for medical schools. Sample research questions include, but are not limited to:

  • How do medical schools use PREview scores in the admissions process?
  • Do medical schools believe that PREview scores “add value” to the admissions process?
  • What are examinees’ experiences in taking the PREview exam, including setting up for the exam, taking the exam, and preparing for the exam?

2020 Validity Study

Six medical schools partnered with the AAMC to design a longitudinal validity study to continue exploring the validity of the PREview exam and use of PREview scores in the admissions process. Partnering schools reflect a variety of regions and applicant pools, include both public and private schools, and include MD- and DO- granting schools.

School Principal Investigator(s)
Des Moines University Medicine & Health Sciences Molly Moeller
Martin Schmidt, PhD
Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine Michelle Schmude, EdD, MBA
Morehouse School of Medicine Shawntel Jordon, PhD
Franklyn Geary Jr., MD
University of Alabama at Birmingham Marnix E. Heersink School of Medicine Christina Grabowski, PhD
Angela Sullivan, PhD, MS
University of California, Davis, School of Medicine Charlene Green, PsyD 
Mark Henderson, MD
University of Minnesota Medical School Twin Cities campus Dimple Patel, MS

This longitudinal study will span approximately six years (2020-2026). The timeline for the study will support the evaluation of the PREview exam during the 2020-2021 pilot administrations and explore the performance of entering students who completed the PREview exam from entry through graduation.

Data from this study will expand the existing body of evidence supporting the validity of the PREview exam and value of PREview scores in the admissions process. Findings will also help medical schools understand the meaning of PREview scores and inform their decisions about how to incorporate the scores into their admissions processes.