Advancing Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Medical Education
The AAMC works to advance diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) principles across the continuum of medical education. As part of this effort, the AAMC Framework for Addressing and Eliminating Racism at the AAMC, in Academic Medicine, and Beyond identifies several pillars to guide the actions of individuals, organizations, and communities. The tools, data, and publications listed below offer a view of the current DEI work in medical education being led by the AAMC and are organized according to this anti-racism framework.
Beyond medical education, the AAMC is committed to DEI across all its services, programs, and projects. A complete list of the AAMC’s DEI initiatives, including those focused on fostering anti-racism in practice, can be found on the Equity, Diversity, & Inclusion Initiatives webpage.
As an Individual
Tools and Resources for Advisors of First-Generation Medical School Students
Medical students who are the first in their families to graduate from college bring unique strengths to medicine, but they may also have unique needs and face challenges that are not always readily recognized by their medical schools. This toolkit includes resources to help advisors provide first-generation students with career mentorship, emotional support, and more.
New and Emerging Areas in Medicine Series: Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Competencies
Academic medicine has a responsibility to prepare physicians who are culturally responsive, provide care that is equitable, and confront factors that drive racism, hate, and bias in health care. The AAMC, with a diverse advisory group and broad iterative input, developed the Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Competencies Across the Learning Continuum, the third set in the “New and Emerging Areas in Medicine” series for use across the continuum of medical education.
Unconscious Bias Resources for Health Professionals
Unconscious biases can compromise DEI efforts in admissions, curriculum development, counseling, and faculty advising, among other functions. This webpage includes resources on addressing implicit bias in interviewing candidates for medical school and residency.
Anti-bias and Inclusive Language in Scholarly Writing: A Primer for Authors
This AM Last Page from Academic Medicine serves as a resource for authors who aspire to scholarly writing that is free from bias, inclusive, and accurate in its depiction of identity, health, and risk.
Inclusive Language Policy at MedEdPORTAL® and Academic Medicine
Both AAMC journals follow this inclusive language policy that involves the intentional use of words and descriptors that welcome the diversity of all people and their identities.
As an Organization
- Holistic Review
Holistic review refers to mission-aligned admissions or selection processes that take into consideration applicants’ experiences, attributes, and academic metrics as well as the value they would contribute to learning, practice, and teaching. This webpage includes the core principles of holistic review as well as key tools and resources to guide the use of holistic review in medical student and resident selection.
- Diversity, Inclusion, Culture, and Equity (DICE) Inventory
The DICE Inventory aims to help institutions conduct a comprehensive review of institutional policies, practices, procedures, and programs that impact the climate and culture around DEI. This self-assessment inventory provides leaders with a snapshot of their institution’s progress toward creating a more diverse, equitable, and inclusive environment for students, faculty, and staff. It includes a section on how DEI is addressed in the curriculum.
As a Community
- MedEdPORTAL® Call for Submissions: Anti-racism in Medicine
This call for submissions from MedEdPORTAL® seeks teaching activities and assessment approaches directly related to racism; microaggressions; trauma-informed care; and implicit bias, health disparities, and/or the social determinants of health where racism is a significant component. Authors, owners, and contributors are invited to submit their work for publication consideration.
- Submit Your Education Scholarship to These AAMC Calls for Submissions
Throughout the year, several AAMC groups and programs issue calls for scholarship, including on DEI topics, for Learn Serve Lead: The AAMC Annual Meeting and other meetings. This website provides information about active calls that are open now and annual calls that are currently closed.
Diving Deeper: Other AAMC Resources
Data and Reports
- Diversity Facts & Figures
Released every three years, this series of reports features a compendium of detailed statistical information on race, ethnicity, and gender patterns in U.S. medical education, including applicant, matriculant, and graduate data.
- FACTS: Applicants, Matriculants, Enrollment, Graduates, MD-PhD, and Residency Applicants Data
Released annually, these tables present data on U.S. medical school applicants, matriculants, enrollments, graduates, MD-PhD students, and residency applicants by institution, demographic characteristics, and more.
- The Power of Collective Action: Assessing and Advancing Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Efforts at AAMC Medical Schools
This report presents the aggregated findings from the 101 medical schools that completed the Diversity, Inclusion, Culture, and Equity (DICE) Inventory as of November 2022. It provides a baseline illustration of the current state of activities, policies, or procedures pertaining to DEI in medical schools and expands on reported practices to aid all medical schools in bolstering their DEI efforts moving forward. The institutional changes described help ensure that students, faculty, staff, and the communities they serve know they are valued, they belong, and that they can thrive.
- New, Emerging and Evolving Demands (NEEDs) in Medical Education Survey
This data snapshot includes information about how medical schools are addressing diversity, equity, inclusion, and anti-racism in the curriculum.
- Altering the Course: Black Males in Medicine
This report captures the major themes raised in interviews with Black premedical students, physicians, researchers, and leaders about the decline in the number of Black males applying for and matriculating to medical school. It highlights research and data from various sources to understand these trends and find solutions to alter these trends for Black men.
- Reshaping the Journey: American Indians and Alaska Natives in Medicine
This report provides an overview of the current representation of American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI-AN) in medicine; makes the case for increasing AI-AN representation in the health professions by highlighting the value of diversity in education and training, workforce needs, and health disparities; and showcases institutional profiles of medical schools that have successfully graduated Native physicians.
- The State of Women in Academic Medicine
This report uses AAMC and external data to illustrate the pipeline of women in academic medicine and science. It presents a snapshot of women’s representation at key junctures as learners, faculty, and leaders.
- Implementing Curricular and Institutional Climate Changes to Improve Health Care for Individuals Who Are LGBT, Gender Nonconforming, or Born with DSD: A Resource for Medical Educators
This report acts as a guide to direct curricular changes and institutional climate changes to support people who are LGBT, gender nonconforming, and/or born with differences in sex development (DSD). Based on educational and assessment practices and theories, it is meant to equip health care-related educational institutions to make substantial strides paralleling the national movement toward equality for all people.
- Accessibility, Inclusion, and Action in Medical Education: Lived Experiences of Learners and Physicians With Disabilities
This report weaves together major themes from interviews conducted with students, residents, and physicians about their lived experiences with disabilities. It highlights key considerations that leaders in academic medicine can implement to increase meaningful access for learners with disabilities.
Journal Article Collections
- MedEdPORTAL: “Anti-racism in Medicine Collection”
This collection provides educators with practice-based, peer-reviewed resources to teach anti-racist knowledge and clinical skills. It elevates the educational scholarship of anti-racist curricula and aims to convene a community of collaborators dedicated to the elimination of racism within medical education.
- Academic Medicine: “Addressing Race and Racism in Medical Education”
This collection is intended to help readers engage in necessary conversations about race and to inform strategies to eliminate structural racism in their institutions.
- Academic Medicine: Addressing Harmful Bias and Eliminating Discrimination in Health Professions Learning Environments
This supplement is intended to inform efforts within and across the health professions to advance equity and the diversity of the health care workforce. It grew out of a conference organized by the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation to develop actionable recommendations to mitigate harmful bias and discrimination in health professions learning environments.
- Academic Medicine: “Sexual and Gender Minorities in Medicine”
This collection features articles about trainees, providers, and patients at medical schools and teaching hospitals who identify as sexual or gender minorities.
- Academic Medicine: “Women in Medicine and Science”
This collection features articles focused on the careers, advancement, mentoring, and leadership of women in academic medicine.