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New Physician Workforce Projections Show the Doctor Shortage Remains Significant

Solution Requires Delivery Innovation, Team-Based Care, Federal Support

Washington, D.C., March 3, 2015—The nation will face a shortage of between 46,000-90,000 physicians by 2025, according to a report released today by the AAMC (Association of American Medical Colleges). The study, which is the first comprehensive national analysis that takes into account both demographics and recent changes to care delivery and payment methods, projects shortages in both primary and specialty care, with specialty shortages particularly acute. 

“The doctor shortage is real – it’s significant – and it’s particularly serious for the kind of medical care that our aging population is going to need,” said AAMC President and CEO Darrell G. Kirch, MD.

The study, conducted for the AAMC by the Life Science division of IHS Inc., a global information company, presents projections in ranges that reflect the potential impact of a variety of health care delivery and policy scenarios, including the rapid growth in non-physician clinicians and new payment and delivery models such as patient-centered medical homes (PCMH) and accountable care organizations (ACO).

Projections for individual specialties were aggregated into four broad categories: primary care, medical specialties, surgical specialties, and “other” specialties.  Within the overall projected physician shortage, the study estimates a shortage of 12,000-31,000 primary care physicians, and a shortfall of 28,000-63,000 non-primary care physicians, most notably among surgical specialists.

“The trends from these data are clear -- the physician shortage will grow over the next 10 years under every likely scenario,” said Kirch. “Because training a doctor takes between five and 10 years, we must act now, in 2015, if we are going to avoid serious physician shortages in 2025. The solution requires a multi-pronged approach: Continuing to innovate and be more efficient in the way care is delivered as well as increased federal support for graduate medical education to train at least 3,000 more doctors a year to meet the health care needs of our nation’s growing and aging population.”


The Association of American Medical Colleges is a not-for-profit association dedicated to transforming health care through innovative medical education, cutting-edge patient care, and groundbreaking medical research. Its members comprise all 147 accredited U.S. and 17 accredited Canadian medical schools; nearly 400 major teaching hospitals and health systems, including 51 Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers; and more than 80 academic societies. Through these institutions and organizations, the AAMC serves the leaders of America’s medical schools and teaching hospitals and their nearly 160,000 faculty members, 83,000 medical students, and 115,000 resident physicians. Additional information about the AAMC and its member medical schools and teaching hospitals is available at

View the Latest Projections

The data contained in this release and accompanying report are out-of-date. For the AAMC's latest physician workforce projections, visit


Susan Beach   

Atul Grover on McIntyre in the Morning External Link

Dr. Atul Grover speaks about the coming doctor shortage.

Press Teleconference

For a recording or transcript of the press teleconference, contact Jamila Vernon.