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Optimizing Graduate Medical Education

A five year road map for America's medical schools, teaching hospitals and health systems

Graduate medical education (GME) in the United States is at a critical juncture:

Changing demographics, exponential growth in medical discovery, and new expectations about the way physicians and patients partner and interact are demanding innovative change in medical education and health care delivery.

With our nation facing a serious shortage of between 61,700 and 94,700 physicians by 2025, any number of medical students who do not have the opportunity to complete residency training is a serious concern.

Academic medicine is rising to the challenge. Medical schools, teaching hospitals, and health systems are adapting education and training programs to meet these needs.

Phase I (February 2015—May 2016)

In February 2015, the AAMC and its member institutions launched a comprehensive approach to optimizing GME—and fostering innovation in both residency training and care delivery—in three broad strategic areas:

  • Investing in future physicians,
  • Optimizing the environment for learning, care, and discovery, and
  • Preparing the physician and physician scientist for the 21st century.

This work continues and constitutes Phase I of Optimizing GME.

Phase II (May 2016—Early 2020)

In May 2016, out of the initial work of the Optimizing GME initiative, and through feedback from stakeholders across the academic medicine community, the AAMC identified two areas of critical concern in which to focus our efforts and resources:

  • The experience and process of a learner’s transition to residency; and
  • The current state of the learning environment 

This work constitutes Phase II of Optimizing GME.