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Curriculum Inventory Glossary

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AAMC rules

A set of XML validation guidelines that must be met in order for a data upload to be successfully processed by the Curriculum Inventory, even if the upload has met the validation rules of the MedBiquitous Curriculum Inventory XML schema (as detailed in the CI Standards and Specifications).


Clerkships

Clerkships are represented in the Curriculum Inventory as Sequence Blocks.


Competency framework

An organized and structured representation of a set of interrelated and purposeful competency objects. (Source: MedBiquitous Curriculum Inventory Implementation Guidelines PDF External Link)


Competency object

An umbrella term used to describe any abstract statement of learning or performance expectations, and information related to the statement. Statements can be learning outcomes, competencies per se, learning objectives, professional roles, topics, classifications/collections, etc. The Competency Object may include additional data to expand on or support the statement. The Object is abstract in the sense that it does not inherently contain information about connections of the statement to individuals or events or other objects. (Source: MedBiquitous Curriculum Inventory Implementation Guidelines PDF External Link)


Courses

Courses are represented in the Curriculum Inventory as Sequence Blocks.


What is a "data exchange standard"?

A widely adopted model for organizing electronic information in a common format, such as XML, so systems (databases, applications, etc.) that are not directly linked to one another can "understand" and "share information" with others that are utilizing the same model.


Electives/Selectives

An elective or selective can be represented in the Curriculum Inventory simply as a sequence block or may be represented as a nested sequence block within another sequence block.


Event

A single instructional or assessment activity within the curriculum, such as a lecture, lab, tutorial, exam, etc. "Events" might commonly be referred to as course or clerkship sessions.


Event-level competencies

Expectations (competencies, objectives, etc.) for individual educational sessions or experiences that may be mapped to sequence block- and/or program-level competencies in the Curriculum Inventory.


Expectations

The knowledge, skills, attitudes, behaviors, and/or attributes set forth as achievements learners are required to meet in order to successfully complete or advance in an event, sequence block, or program. Refers to competencies, objectives, learning outcomes, milestones, entrustable professional activities (EPAs), etc.


MedBiquitous

The MedBiquitous Consortium (MedBiquitous), the ANSI-accredited developer of information technology standards for healthcare education and quality improvement. Its members are creating a technology blueprint for the health professions based on XML and Web services standards to seamlessly support health professions learners in ways that will improve patient care and simplify the administrative work associated with education and quality improvement. Learn more about the organization at MedBiquitous.org External Link.


Nested sequence block

A sequence block embedded within another sequence block, typically with one or more others, in order to represent a series of sequence blocks that are ordered (delivered according to an established sequence); unordered (may be delivered in any sequence); or parallel (delivered concurrently).


Program

The medical education degree program for which curriculum data is being submitted to the Curriculum Inventory. In most cases, this will simply be the M.D. program of the medical school.


Program-level competencies

Medical school program expectations (competencies, objectives, etc.) that may be mapped to event-level and sequence block-level competencies in the Curriculum Inventory. Program-level competencies must be mapped to one or more PCRS item(s) in the CI.


Sender

A vendor or school that connects to the Web service in order to submit curriculum data to the Curriculum Inventory. Senders must be certified via AAMC’s on-boarding process before the Web service allows them to submit on behalf of a school.


Sequence block

A component or segment of the curriculum, such as a course, module, phase, year, etc., which is comprised of events.


Sequence block-level competencies

Expectations (competencies, objectives, etc.) that may be mapped to event-level and/or sequence block-level competencies in the Curriculum Inventory. Program-level competencies must be mapped to one or more PCRS item in the CI.


Q. What is the "standardized vocabulary"?

A common set of instructional methods, assessment methods, and resource types recommended by the MedBiquitous Curriculum Inventory Working Group External Link to facilitate aggregate reporting on educational methods and resources. The list is intentionally general, capturing concepts from existing terminologies used by CurrMIT, LCME, ACGME, UMLS, and others.


XML

Extensible Markup Language, a Web standard that makes it easier to exchange structured data over the Internet. (Source: MedBiquitous External Link)