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Table C2. Number of Individuals Who Completed Residency and Are Practicing in Federally Designated Medically Underserved Areas, by Last Completed GME Specialty

Residents Who Completed Training, 2006-2015


The table below displays the number and percentage of individuals who completed residency training from 2006 through 2015, who are not currently active in any GME program, and who practice in federally designated Medically Underserved Areas, compared with those who do not practice in federally designated Medically Underserved Areas. Federally designated Medically Underserved Areas are based on an Index of Medical Underservice, which is derived from an area's ratio of primary medical care physicians per 1,000 population, infant mortality rate, percentage of the population with incomes below the poverty level, and percentage of the population age 65 or over. Data include graduates of MD-granting and DO-granting U.S. and Canadian medical schools as well as graduates of international medical schools. The data are limited to physicians providing direct patient care in the United States and Puerto Rico. The data are displayed by the most recently completed ACGME-accredited specialty or subspecialty. For example, 175 of 1,062 (16.5 percent) of residents who completed a residency program in allergy and immunology from 2006 through 2015 went on to practice in a federally designated Medically Underserved Area in the United States or Puerto Rico. Counts and percentages shown for specialties do not include counts and percentages for the related subspecialties. Please contact residentreport@aamc.org with any comments or questions.


Selected Finding: Overall, 23.9 percent of the individuals who completed residency from 2006 through 2015 were practicing in Medically Underserved Areas, as of 2016. The rates of practicing in Medically Underserved Areas were greater than 20 percent for many of the largest specialties, such as family medicine, internal medicine, neurology, obstetrics/gynecology, pediatrics, psychiatry, and surgery.

ACGME-Accredited Specialties and Subspecialties Completed Practicing in Medically Underserved Areas Not Practicing in Medically Underserved Areas Total
Number Percent Number Percent
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Note: Federally designated Medically Underserved Areas are geographically defined Medically Underserved Areas (MUAs) but exclude other types of MUAs. Federally designated MUA designation is based on an Index of Medical Underservice, which is derived from an area's ratio of primary medical care physicians per 1,000 population, infant mortality rate, percentage of the population with incomes below the poverty level, and percentage of the population age 65 or over. Geocoded practice locations include the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. States have differing numbers of areas designated as MUAs. Data include physicians who provide direct patient care only. Data for physicians not represented in the AMA Physician Masterfile may be missing. Approximately 15 percent of completed residents in GME Track® lack information in the AMA Physician Masterfile about whether they provide direct patient care. As a result, the number of practicing physicians indicated may be underrepresented. Specialties with no reported residents were excluded.

Source: GME Track® as of August 30, 2016, AMA Physician Masterfile as of December 31, 2015, and MUA designations as of February 24, 2016.


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