Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine

Overview

Neonatal-perinatal medicine is a subspecialty of pediatrics concerned with the care of critically ill newborn and premature infants. Neonatologists diagnose and treat newborns with conditions such as breathing disorders, infections, or birth defects; coordinate care and medically manage newborns born prematurely, critically ill, or in need of surgery; stabilize and treat newborns with any life-threatening medical problems; attend a delivery after which the infant may require medical intervention; and consult with obstetricians, pediatricians, and family physicians about conditions affecting newborn infants and caring for mothers who have high-risk pregnancies. Neonatologists work mainly in the special care nurseries or newborn intensive care units of hospitals, primarily children's hospitals, university medical centers, and large community hospitals. In addition, a neonatologist may provide short-term care on an outpatient basis after the infant has been discharged from the unit.

Subspecialty of Pediatrics

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