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Child neurology, also known as pediatric neurology, specializes in the diagnosis and management of neurologic conditions during the neonatal period, infancy, early childhood, and adolescence. Child neurologists have special competence in the genetic and metabolic problems, malformations, and developmental problems of childhood, including epilepsy, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, mental retardation, autism, Tourette's syndrome, Batten's disease, neurofibromatosis, learning disabilities, complex metabolic disorders, and a host of nerve and muscle diseases. Child neurologists act as consultants to primary care physicians as well as provide continuing care for chronic neurological conditions. Like other pediatric specialties, it is a specialty that requires the ability to work with patients who may have limited or nonexistent verbal skills.

Subspecialty of Neurology

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