Vascular surgery is a surgical specialty that addresses the diagnosis and treatment of conditions involving the peripheral arteries, veins, and lymphatic vessels, excluding those within the cranial cavity and the heart. Common conditions range from non-urgent to emergent and include vascular trauma, aortic and peripheral aneurysms, carotid artery disease, poor upper and lower extremity circulation, dialysis access, and varicose veins.
Previously, the field involved predominantly open surgery to aid in controlling disease that progressed to the symptomatic stage, which meant these physicians were generally hospital-based. Over the last 10–20 years, discoveries in science and technology spurred less invasive intraluminal techniques. Now, the field involves fewer open surgeries and more endovascular procedures, of which many can be performed in the outpatient setting. As a result, patients spend less time in the hospital.Read more