Research as a practice option involves conducting biomedical, behavioral, clinical, and health services research to understand underlying scientific, technological, economic, and social determinants to better prevent, diagnose, and treat disease, to improve patient outcomes and deliver better health care services. In academic settings, tenure and non-tenure track research paths are available for roles such as basic scientists and translational and clinical investigators. Many education, training and funding opportunities are available for M.D. and M.D./Ph.D. students considering a research career.