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Joint Select Committee Holds Markup, Releases Budget Proposal

November 16, 2018—The Joint Select Committee on Budget and Appropriations Process Reform (Select Committee) Nov. 15 began a markup of its proposed legislative changes to the current budget and appropriations process, opting to conclude consideration of the measure Nov. 27.

The Select Committee’s legislative proposal recommends: moving to a biennial budgeting process; adjusting Congress’s deadline for budget submission from April 15 to May 1; and requiring the Executive branch to provide a new annual supplemental budget submission by Dec. 1 of each calendar year.

The 16-member bipartisan, bicameral Select Committee was formed through the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (P.L. 115-123) and charged with providing recommendations to “significantly reform the budget and appropriations process.” Per the Committee report, Congress felt the need to establish this Committee due to “growing concerns about delays and procedural breakdowns in the budget process.”

Select Committee Co-Chair Rep. Steve Womack (R-Ark.) opened the hearing by summarizing the year-long work of the committee “to design a neutral process for the future – one which allows Congress to move forward with its budgetary agenda, no matter which party holds the majority.”

Co-Chair Rep. Nita Lowey (D-N.Y.) added that while budget solutions “are possible within the existing framework, [shown] this year [when] a number of appropriations were passed on time … because controversial and partisan provisions were dropped and spending levels allowed for reaching workable agreements, combined with some innovative combining of bills,” there are still improvements to be made. 

The select committee considered 15 amendments during the markup and passed three, including an amendment to maintain yearly reconciliation rules, and an amendment to encourage development of bipartisan budgets.

The committee is expected to consider additional amendments before the select committee’s final vote Nov. 27. According to the summary of the panel’s recommendations, if the committee passes the bill, it will be introduced in the House and considered under regular order, followed by introduction in the Senate and referral to the Senate Committee on the Budget before full Senate consideration in which support of three-fifths of the Senate is required to pass the bill. The deadline for the select committee to report its final bill is Nov. 30.


Christa Wagner, PhD
Senior Legislative Analyst
Telephone: 202-828-0595

Tannaz Rasouli
Sr. Director, Public Policy & Strategic Outreach
Telephone: 202-828-0525


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Jason Kleinman
Senior Legislative Analyst, Govt. Relations
Telephone: 202-903-0806